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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Arpitan (also known as Franco-Provençal) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very approximate, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Arpitan language#phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds.

Consonants
  IPA   Examples Nearest English equivalent
b bow
c[1]
d doe
dz[2]
[2] Joe
ð though
f foe
ɡ go
h[3] hoe
ɥ (simultaneous y and w)
j yes
ɟ[2]
k sky
l low
ʎ
m mow
n no
ɲ canyon
ŋ parking
p spy
r[4]
s so
ʃ[1] show
t stow
ts[1]
[1]
θ
v vote
w woe
z zoo
ʒ[2] measure
Vowels
Oral Nasal
  IPA   Examples Nearest English equivalent   IPA   Examples Nearest English equivalent
a lana pat ɑ̃ chançon Nasalized [ɑ]
ɑ pâta bra
e clay ɛ̃ vent Nasalized [ɛ] or [æ]
ɛ libertá festival
i see ĩ Nasalized [i]
ə sofa or rp bird œ̃ Nasalized [œ]
œ similar to rp bird
ø similar to bird
o sole ɔ̃ Nasalized [ɔ] or [ɒ]
ɔ sort
u zoo ũ Nasalized [u]
y blu similar to cute Nasalized [y]
Other symbols used for Arpitan
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
Always falls on one of the final two syllables.

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 There appears to be considerable variation among [t͡s], [t͡ʃ], [ʃ], and [c], as a result of the palatalization of /t/.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 There appears to be considerable variation among [d͡z], [d͡ʒ], [ʒ], and [ɟ], as a result of the palatalization of /d/.
  3. Varies in realization. [h], [x], and [ç] all occur.
  4. Varies in realization.

See alsoEdit

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