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Statistics are a very important part of ice hockey.
The following are the most commonly tracked statistics in ice hockey:
Team statistics Edit
- GP – Games played – Number of games the team has played
- W – Wins – Games the team has won, either in regulation or in overtime
- L – Losses – Games the team has lost in regulation
- T – Ties – Games that have ended in a tie
- OTL – Overtime losses – Games the team has lost in overtime (Note: Many leagues do not separate overtime losses and regulation losses, including all losses in the losses statistic)
- SOL – Shootout losses – Games the team has lost in a shootout
- PTS – Points – Team points, calculated from W, L, T, OTL, and SOL; used to determine standings. Most leagues award 2 points for a W and 1 point for a T, OTL, or SOL.
- GF – Goals for – Number of goals the team has scored
- GA – Goals against – Number of goals scored against the team
- SO – Shutouts – Number of games the team held the opposition scoreless
- GP – Games played – Number of games the player has set foot on the ice in
- G – Goals – Total number of goals the player has scored
- A – Assists – Number of goals the player has assisted in
- PTS – Points – Scoring points, calculated as the sum of G and A
- PIM – Penalties infraction minutes – Number of penalty minutes the player has been assessed. For statistical purposes, ten minutes are recorded for a game misconduct, gross misconduct, or match penalty.
- PPG – Power play goals – Number of goals the player has scored while his team was on the power play
- PPA – Power play assists – Number of goals the player has assisted in while his team was on the power play
- SHG – Shorthanded goals – Number of goals the player has scored while his team was shorthanded
- SHA – Shorthanded assists – Number of goals the player has assisted in while his team was shorthanded
- GWG – Game-winning goals – Number of game-winning goals the player has scored (a goal is considered game winning when the team would win the game without scoring any more goals, for example, the third goal in a 5–2 game)
- GTG – Game-tying goals – Number of game-tying (that is, the last goal scored in a tie game) goals the player has scored
- ENG – Empty net goals – Number of goals scored on an empty net
- +/- or P/M – Plus/minus – The number of team goals for minus the number of team goals against while the player is on the ice and the teams are at even strength (see plus/minus)
- TOI – Time on ice – Total time on ice
- ATOI – Average time on ice – The average amount of time the player spent on the ice in the games he played (total time on ice divided by games played)
- Some other penalty terms that are used somewhat less often include hits, faceoff wins, faceoff win percentage, takeaways, giveaways, shots on goal (SOG).
Goaltender statistics Edit
- GP, G, A – Same as player statistics. Note: +/- is not recorded for goaltenders.
- GS – Games started – The number of games the goaltender has started
- MIN – Total number of minutes the goaltender has been on the ice
- GA – Goals against – Number of goals scored against the goaltender
- GAA – Goals against average – Mean goals-per-game scored on the goaltender (see goals against average)
- W – Wins – Games the goaltender has won
- L – Losses – Games the goaltender has lost (A goaltender is credited with a win or loss when he is either on the ice when – or was pulled for an extra attacker immediately before – the game-winning goal was scored)
- T – Ties – Games the goaltender has tied (a goaltender is credited with a tie when he was on the ice for – or was pulled for an extra attacker immediately before – the game-tying goal was scored. In the case of 0–0 ties, the starting goaltender is credited with the tie)
- SOG – Total number of shots on goal the goaltender has faced
- SV – Saves – Number of shots on goal the goaltender has saved
- SVP, SV%, or PCT – Save percentage – Percentage of the total shots faced the goaltender has saved (see save percentage)
- SO – Shutouts – Number of games where the goaltender had no goals against him and was the only goaltender from his team to play in the game
- ENG – Empty net goals – Number of goals scored while the goaltender was off the ice for an extra attacker