Roland Rousseau (born December 1, 1929 in Montreal, Quebec) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman who played two games in the National Hockey League for the Montreal Canadiens.
Rousseau played junior hockey for the Verdun Maple Leafs, Montreal Junior Royals, and the Montreal Nationale. He won the Memorial Cup in 1950 with the Junior Royals.
He joined the Montreal Royals of the Quebec Senior Hockey League (Major) in 1951 and played with them for three seasons. In 1952-53 he got a two game callup to the Montreal Canadiens.
Rousseau played five more seasons in the minor pros, retiring first in 1958.
He returned in 1960 with the senior Granby Vics. He also played for the Montreal Olympics in the 1961-62 Allan Cup Final. Another retirement followed that year.
There was one last comeback in 1967-68 for the Vics before retiring for good.
His brothers, Robert and Guy, also played hockey.