The Buckeyes competed in the WCHA championship in March 2001. Ohio State defeated St. Cloud State in the first round. In the next round, the Buckeyes blanked No. 1 Minnesota to advance to the championship final. The Buckeyes were defeated by eventual national champion Minnesota Duluth. The Buckeyes had an 18-16-3 overall record, including 11-10-3 in the WCHA. The Buckeyes finished No. 8 in the national polls. During the regular season, the Buckeyes were 12-5-1 in their last 18 contests and finished 7-1-0.
The 2001-02 season had a breakthrough season by defeating several nationally-ranked teams. OSU upset No. 3 New Hampshire and No. 4 St. Lawrence and also tied No. 6 Dartmouth. Five players received postseason honors. Jeni Creary was named the WCHA Rookie of the Year and All-WCHA First Team selection after leading the nation in scoring for the first half of the season. Emma Laaksonen earned JOFA/AHCA Second Team All-America accolades and All-WCHA Second Team honors despite missing 10 games while representing her native Finland at the 2002 Olympic Winter Games.
In 2006-07 season, Ohio State reached the 20-win mark for the first time in program history. The team finished with a 20-13-4 mark. In addition, the team set the record for the Buckeyes’ longest unbeaten streak at 10 games (9-0-1, Oct. 28-Dec. 8). Ohio State also posted a team-best 30 points in the WCHA with a 13-11-4 conference mark. The Buckeyes had a 12-5-3 home record at OSU Ice Rink. The Buckeyes finished fourth in the league standings. OSU swept Minnesota State in the best-of-three series and advanced to the WCHA semifinals against eventual national champion Wisconsin. The Buckeyes completed the season as the 10th-ranked team in both the USCHO.com and USA Hockey national polls.
Jackie Barto recorded her 200th career win November 24, 2007 with a 4-1 victory against St. Cloud State at the OSU Ice Rink. In 2008, Tessa Bonhomme was Ohio State's first two-time Top 10 finalist for the Patty Kazmaier Memorial Award, given to the top Division I women's hockey student-athlete in the nation. She was also the team captain of the 2007-08 Buckeyes. Bonhomme also made Ohio State history when she was named both WCHA Player of the Year and WCHA Defensive Player of the Year, becoming the first Buckeye to receive either award. Last spring, Liana Bonanno became the program's first ESPN The Magazine Academic All-America at-large selection, earning a place on the third team. Jody Heywood also was a two-time finalist for the Hockey Humanitarian Award in 2007 and '08, the first Buckeye on either men's or women's teams to be a finalist for the award.
Natalie Spooner scored 21 goals in 2009 to lead the Buckeyes and rank seventh in the OSU single-season records. She had a six-game point streak, Nov. 15-Jan. 9, that included a five-game goal streak to tie for the second-longest in Buckeye history. On December 12, 2008, Natalie Spooner set the Ohio State record for goals in a game with four in a 6-5 win at Minnesota State. She scored a natural hat trick in the second period of that game with three goals in a span of 1 minute, 56 seconds.  The opening game of the 2009-10 season was Jackie Barto's 500th career game behind the bench.
Jackie Barto is the first and only head coach of the Ohio State women's ice hockey team. Barto has led Ohio State to a program record of 147-185-34 (.448). During Barto’s first 10 years as coach, Ohio State has received a total of 14 All-WCHA honors. Barto served on the NCAA Women's Ice Hockey Championship Committee 2000-06 and also is a member of the American Women's Hockey Coaches Association.
On the international level, Jackie Barto led the U.S. Women's National Team to the gold medal at the 2008 IIHF World Women's Championship in Harbin, China. Barto also guided the U.S. Women's Select Team to a silver medal at the Four Nations Cup in November 2007. She was named head coach of the U.S. Women's Under-22 Team for 2008-09, after serving as head coach of the U.S. Women's National and Select teams in 2007-08. She was a member of the selection committee for the 2006 Winter Olympic U.S. National Women's Hockey team. She was also an assistant coach for the 2003 U.S. Women's Under-22 Select Team. In August 1999, she was one of four head coaches at the USA Hockey Women's Festival in Lake Placid, N.Y. and was an assistant coach there in 1998.
Natalie Spooner was a member of the Canadian National Women’s Team for the 2008 Four Nations Cup in November. Spooner also competed for the 2009-10 Canada Under 22 Hockey team. On January 8, 2010, Spooner scored 4:59 into overtime, giving Canada’s National Women’s Under-22 Team a 4-3 victory over Sweden on Friday and sent Canada to the gold medal game at the 2010 MLP Cup. Canada would win the gold medal.