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|Hart Memorial Trophy|
|Current holder||Sidney Crosby|
|Awarded to the||Most Valuable Player in the National Hockey League|
The Hart Memorial Trophy, originally known as the Hart Trophy, the "oldest and most prestigious individual award in hockey", is awarded annually to the Most Valuable Player in the National Hockey League. The Hart Memorial Trophy has been awarded 82 times to 50 different players since its beginnings in 1924. Each year, members of the Professional Hockey Writers Association vote to determine the player who was the most valuable to his team during the regular season.
The Hart Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Dr. David Hart. Dr. Hart, who donated the original trophy to the NHL, was the father of Cecil Hart, a former Coach and General Manager of the Montreal Canadiens hockey club. The Hart Trophy was first awarded at the conclusion of the 1923-24 NHL season. The winner of the first Hart Trophy was Frank Nighbor of the Ottawa Senators. The original "Hart Trophy" was retired in Hockey Hall of Fame in 1960, and the NHL began presenting a new trophy, which was dubbed the "Hart Memorial Trophy" in its place. With the exceptions of Tommy Anderson and Al Rollins, every eligible player who won the Hart Trophy has been inducted into the Hall of Fame.
Wayne Gretzky won the award a record nine times during his career, eight consecutively. He has been named MVP more times than any other player in the history of the other three Major Professional Leagues (Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, and National Football League). Barry Bonds is second, having won the MVP award seven times in Major League Baseball. Gretzky and his Edmonton Oilers teammate Mark Messier are the only players to win the Hart Trophy for more than one team.
Players from the Montreal Canadiens have won the award sixteen times; players from Boston Bruins are second with twelve winners, and the Detroit Red Wings and Edmonton Oilers have seen players win the award nine times. Joe Thornton became the first Hart Trophy winner to switch clubs during his winning campaign in 2005-06 NHL season, having played for both the Boston Bruins and San Jose Sharks that year.
The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10-7-5-3-1 points system. Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs.
The closest the voting for the Hart Trophy has ever come was in the 2001–02 season, when José Théodore and Jarome Iginla tied in the total voting. The tiebreaker for choosing the Hart Trophy winner in such a case is number of first-place votes: Théodore, who had 86 first-place votes to Iginla's 82, claimed it.
|C||Centre||LW||Left Wing||D||Defence||RW||Right Wing||G||Goaltender|
Player is still active in the NHL
- ↑ Hart Trophy history. canadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
- ↑ Hart Memorial Trophy history. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.
- ↑ 99 Reasons Why Wayne Gretzky is "The Great One". NHL.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.
- ↑ Jon Dolezar (2003-04-20). Foppa shows the most Hart. SI.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
- ↑ Shawn P. Roarke (2002-06-20). Theodore wins Hart, Vezina trophies. NHL.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.
|NHL awards and trophies|
|Team||Stanley Cup · Prince of Wales · Clarence S. Campbell · Presidents' Trophy|
|Individual||Adams · Art Ross · Calder · Conn Smythe · Crozier · Hart · Jennings · King Clancy · Lady Byng · Lindsay · Masterton · Messier · NHL Foundation · Norris · Plus/Minus · Rocket Richard · Selke · Vezina · GM of the Year|
|Defunct||O'Brien Cup · Man of the Year Award · Conacher Award|
|National Hockey League|