The KHL's Chernyshev Division was formed in 2008 as part of the league's inauguration. It is one of 4 divisions. It is named in honor of Arkady Chernyshev; Soviet Master of Sports, IIHF Hall of Fame inductee and former Dynamo Moscow head coach.
With the geographical alignment of the divisions for the 2009–10 season, the Chernyshev division became part of the Eastern Conference of the KHL.
- Avangard Omsk
- Salavat Yulaev Ufa
- Barys Astana
- Sibir Novosibirsk
- Amur Khabarovsk
- Metallurg Novokuznetsk
In the first KHL season, the division alignment was determined by team strength.